Case Study Method & Generalizability

Flyvbjerg, Bent, 2011 ,”Case Study,” in Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln eds., The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research, 4th Edition (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage,2011), Chapter 17, pp. 301-316.

Flyvbjerg, Bent, Making Social Science Matter (October 1, 2012). Georgios Papanagnou, ed., Social Science and Policy Challenges: Democracy, Values, and Capacities, Paris: UNESCO Publishing, pp. 25-56. Available at SSRN:

Falk, Thomas; Rocha, Sam; Warnick, Bryan; 2009; Social Science and Its Discontents: An Essay Review of Bent Flyvbjerg’s Making Social Science Matter; Education Review, Volume 12, Number 4.

Ruddin, Lee Peter, 2006, “You Can Generalize Stupid! Social Scientists, Bent Flyvbjerg, and Case Study Methodology,” Qualitative Inquiry 2006; 12; 797; DOI 10.117/1077800406288622

Carminati, Lara; 2018; Generalizability in Qualitative Research: A Tale of Two Traditions; Qualitative Health Research, Issue 13, Volume 28; pages 2094-2101.


Lovit, Alex; 2013; “Book Review of Bent Flyvbjerg’s Real Social Science: Applied Phronesis.”

Flyvbjerg, Bent; “Making Organization Research Matter: Power, Values and Phronesis.”

Flyvbjerg, 1991, “Aristotle, Foucault, and Progressive Phronesis: Outline of an Applied Ethics for Sustainable Development.”

Eikeland, Olav; 2006; “Phrónêsis, Aristotle, and Action Research” in International Journal of Action Research Volume 2, Issue 1, 2006.

Eikeland, Olav; “Table of Contents for The Ways of Aristotle.”

Papastephanou, Marianna; 2010; “Aristotle, the Action Researcher: A Review of Olav Eikeland’s The Ways of Aristotle.

Eikeland, Olav; 2016; “If phronesis does not develop and define virtue, then what does?”

Chishtie, Farrukh; 2012; “Phronesis and the Practice of Science.”

Bernstein, Richard; 1984; “NIETZSCHE OR ARISTOTLE?: Reflections on Alasdair MacIntyre's After Virtue.”

Pavani; Arturo; 2017; ACCRA AIRPORT CITY: A Phronetic Approach to Urban Development.”

Madhav, Chandrakant; 2014; “Phronesis in Defense Engineering: A Case Study in the Heroic Actions of Two Defence Engineers as they Navigate their Careers.”

Self-fulfilling Theories

Fotion, Nick; 2014; “Theory Vs. Anti-Theory In Ethics: A misconceived Conflict.”

Ferraro, Fabrizio; Pfeffer, Jeffrey; Sutton,Robert I.; 2005; Economics Language and Assumptions: How Theories can Become Self-Fulfilling; Published Online:1 Jan 2005

Teppo Felin, Nicolai J. Foss, (2009) Social Reality, the Boundaries of Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, and Economics. Organization Science 20(3):654-668.

Lowe, Charles. “The Significance of Self-Fulfilling Science.” Philosophy of the Social Sciences (online first): pp. 1-21.

Ferraro, Fabrizio; Pfeffer, Jeffrey; Sutton,Robert I; 20098; How and Why Theories Matter: A Comment on Felin and Foss; Vol. 20, No. 3, May–June 2009, pp. 669–675; ssn 1047-7039 􏰀 eissn 1526-5455 􏰀 09 􏰀 2003 0669.

Biggs, Michael; 2009; Self-Fulfilling Prophecies; Oxford Handbook of Analytical Sociology, edited by Peter Hedstrom, and Peter Bearman, Oxford University Press, 2009. ProQuest Ebook Central,

Felin, Teppo, Zenger, Todd; 2017; The Theory-Based View: Economic Actors as Theorists; STRATEGY SCIENCE Vol. 2, No. 4, December 2017, pp. 258–271 ISSN 2333-2050 (print), ISSN 2333-2077 (online).


Leicht, Kevin; Fennel, Mary; 2008; The Sage Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism - Chapter 17 - Institutionalism and the Professions.

Greenwood, Royston; Suddaby, Roy; and Hinings, C. R.; 2014; “Theorizing Change: The Role of Professional Associations in the Transformation of Institutionalized Fields.”

Teece, David; 2017; “Towards a capability theory of innovating firms: implications for management and policy.”

Keegan, Anne; Hartog, Deanne Den; Doing it for themselves? Performance appraisal in project‐based organisations, the role of employees, and challenges to theory; Human Resource Management Journal; 3 September 2018 DOI: 10.1111/1748-8583.12216